[dropcap]A[/dropcap]ntarctica, the southernmost continent and site of the South Pole, is a virtually uninhabited, ice-covered landmass. Most cruises to the continent visit the Antarctic Peninsula, which stretches toward South America. he peninsula’s isolated terrain also shelters rich wildlife, including many penguins.
Here are some unknown facts about Antarctica:
1. You cannot work in Antarctica unless your wisdom teeth and appendix are removed.
Surgeries are not made at the stations in Antarctica, so you should have your wisdom teeth and appendix removed even if they’re absolutely healthy.
2. Antarctica is also the world’s driest place.
In fact the driest place on the planet is located in Antarctica and called the Dry Valleys.
3. 53 million years ago, Antarctica was so warm that palm trees lived along its shores.
The temperature on the continent soared above 20C.
4. There used to be a nuclear power station in Antarctica.
McMurdo station is the largest community in Antartica, it has been operated by the U.S. since 1962.
5. Antarctica has a Fire Department.
It belongs to the Mc Murdo station we mentioned above and employs professional firefighters.
6. Despite the extreme temperatures, there are 1150 different species of fungi identified to survive in Antarctica.
Fungi perfectly adops to extreme low temperatures, continuous and repeated freeze and thawing cycles.
7. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent.
Its area is equal to 14.0 million squre kilometers.
8. The average thickness of Antarctic ice is about 1 mile (1.6 kilometers).
Antarctica approximately has 70% of all fresh water on Earth!
9. Following the secret negotiations twelve countries signed the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 to dedicate the continent to peaceful research activities.
Today the treaty is already signed by 48 nations.