Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah passed away on September 11, 1948 after due to tuberculosis. Jinnah was a brilliant lawyer and subsequently, a shrewd politician.
Where whole Pakistan is observing his 67th death anniversary Pakistan Tribe reveals some unseen facts about Quaid-e-Azam. Hava a look!
Jinnah’s Grandfather was a Hindu
Jinnah was born (1876) in Karachi, British India to a wealthy Gujarati merchant family. His official name was Mahomedali Jinnahbhai. His Grandfather, Premji bhai Thakkar, was from Gondal, Gujarat who was ostracized from his community owing to his entry into fish trade as opposed to his community’s practice of vegetarianism. This enraged Jinnah’s father (Premji’s son) to adopt Islam.
Jinnah was not good in academics
As a child, Jinnah was never good in academics, and described as an unruly boy. His father wanted him to study Mathematics, and ironically, it was one of his most hated subjects. His aunt took him to Bombay from Karachi when he was 11 years old believing he would change his attitude, but the effort was not fruitful resulting in his return to Karachi after 6 months.
Before he left for London, he was married to Emibai (his first wife) who was 2 years younger than him, and belonged to his ancestral village. Both his mother and first wife died when he was away in London. He barely knew his wife, but his mother’s death affected him deeply.
Changed his name
He changed his name in 1894 dropping the word “Bhai” from his surname, and hence it became “Jinnah”.
In 1918, Jinnah married Rattanbai Petit who was 24 years younger, and belonged to an elite Parsi family. There was opposition from her family and some Muslim religious leaders.
His daughter, Dina Jinnah (born in 1919) married a Parsi-born Indian Neville Wadia. Father-Daughter relationship strained because of this.
He had a keen sense of dressing and was very impeccably dressed wherever he went. He abandoned Indian-style clothing for western ones.
Jinnah Wants Pakistan As secular state
He stated in his speech:
“…you are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed — that has nothing to do with the business of the State. As you know, history shows that in England conditions, some time ago, were much worse than those prevailing in India today. The Roman Catholics and the Protestants persecuted each other. Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days. We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle: that we are all citizens, and equal citizens, of one State…”
Today, Jinnah is credited with having altered the destiny of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent. According to Richard Symons, Muhammad Ali Jinnah “contributed more than any other man to Pakistan’s survival.”