The Thespian Art: How To Make Sense When Arguing?

arguingWondering why your friends always get better of you in a discussion? Baffled at the scores you get on your college assignments after all the hard work? Don’t worry because this blog will help you structure your arguments in discussions and academic writings.

The art of discussion/argumentation is simple, yet a little tedious, you can’t just know the tricks and get good at it; it requires practice. And I assure you that once you diligently practice the following rules of discussion you will notice the results.

Firstly I will take on discussions. In a discussion/debate, there is always going to be a problem on which the debate is based, so it’s important that you correctly identify the problem first. For instance if the discussion is about “Whether internships are good for fresh graduates or not” then you need to correctly identify the problem first before jumping into the discussion. Any guesses what the problem is? If you are guessing that “Many fresh graduates face rejections in recruitment and those who somehow manage to get jobs perform poorly hence practical work training is required for them”, then you have accurately pinpointed the problem in this case. So after correctly identifying the problem the next step is establishing a need; what’s the need for an internship? “Fresh graduates are fresh out of theory and books lacking practical experience hence a system that provides hands on practical work training should be there which is internship”, if this came to your mind then you are right on target once again. After identifying the need you ought to define your principle stance, which is based on a proven phenomenon hence giving your argument a legit look. In this case it would be: “Every citizen has a right to education and livelihood hence it’s the responsibility of the state on the basis of social contract to provide its citizens with trainings in the form of internships which will help them acquire a vocation”. After having correctly identified the problem, the need and having stated your principle stance you move on to your line of arguments. I am sure you would have come across a lot of academic questions like “Do you believe democracy is the best form of government? Give reasons”. These reasons in fact, are your line of arguments.

I will simultaneously give Line of Arguments for the internship case while explaining you how to construct an argument. So first, you make a statement like “Internships help create a resourceful workforce” then you go on and analyze your statement like “Internships provide fresh graduates, about to enter job market, with firsthand experience of office management, concept of hierarchy, office discipline and friendly coexistence with colleagues in a professional environment. These experiences not only help the person to smoothly adjust in a workplace but also help her/him to avoid any initial glitches hence making her/him look confident which translates into his good performance which is beneficial for both the organization and the employee”. After having analyzed your statement you provide an example to support your analysis like “Germany being the largest economy of Europe takes pride in its human resource that is a result of an extensive well structured national internship scheme”. After supporting your analysis with an example you link it back to your statement like “hence internships help create a resourceful workforce” and then you link it back to the motion of the discussion/debate “that’s why I believe that internships are good for fresh graduates”.

You can have one line of argument or a dozen lines of argument; it entirely depends on the topic of the discussion/debate and your command over the subject. Ideally, end up your part of the discussion by summing up all the lines of argument and link them back to the motion of the discussion.

Follow the same structure in academic writing as well, by making a few changes. When writing an essay on “Are Internships helpful for the Labour Market?” you can put identification of the problem and need along with your principle stance in the introductory paragraph. Make an individual paragraph for every line of argument and link all your arguments. Lastly, prove your point in the concluding paragraph and you are good to go. Again, you need to practice this art, but once you have put in the hard work you will make a lot more sense and score well.

About the author

Ali Zafar

Ali Zafar is a DAAD Scholar at University of Applied Sciences, Berlin and aspires to be an economist. He blogs at

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