Pakistan ready to face Ebola virus danger

Pakistan ready to face Ebola virus danger | PakistanTribe.comISLAMABAD – Pakistan is ready to face the situation created by the Ebola virus as President Mamnoon Hussain has issued detail directives to the concern authorities, PakistanTribe.com reported.

Pakistani President has demanded detail reports from chief secretaries of all four provinces.

Hussain directed to the authorities to take screening measure at airports, seaports and other entry and exit points and special isolation wards in all government hospitals should be ready to face the situation as soon as possible.

Provinces should stock the medicine needed for the treatment of Ebola, said Mamnoon Hussain.

What is Ebola?
Ebola is a viral illness of which the initial symptoms can include a sudden fever, intense weakness, muscle pain and a sore throat, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). And that is just the beginning: subsequent stages are vomiting, diarrhoea and – in some cases – both internal and external bleeding.

The current outbreak is the deadliest since Ebola was discovered in 1976
The disease infects humans through close contact with infected animals, including chimpanzees, fruit bats and forest antelope.

It then spreads between humans by direct contact with infected blood, bodily fluids or organs, or indirectly through contact with contaminated environments. Even funerals of Ebola victims can be a risk, if mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased.

The incubation period can last from two days to three weeks, and diagnosis is difficult. The human disease has so far been mostly limited to Africa, although one strain has cropped up in the Philippines.

Healthcare workers are at risk if they treat patients without taking the right precautions to avoid infection. People are infectious as long as their blood and secretions contain the virus – in some cases, up to seven weeks after they recover.

How Ebola Virus Spreads | PakistanTribe.comEbola Treatment
There is no known cure or vaccine for Ebola, even though it is nearly 40 years since the virus first emerged.

But there are three vaccine trials under way, and some experimental drugs have already been used.

WHO on Ebola
The Ebola epidemic threatens the “very survival” of societies and could lead to failed states, the World Health Organization (WHO) had warned.

The outbreak, which has killed some 4,000 people in West Africa, has led to a “crisis for international peace and security”, WHO head Margaret Chan said.

How not to catch Ebola:
Avoid direct contact with sick patients
Wear goggles to protect eyes
Clothing and clinical waste should be incinerated and any medical equipment that needs to be kept should be decontaminated
People who recover from Ebola should abstain from sex or use condoms for three months

About the author

Sidra Rana

Sidra Rana is Islamabad based Pakistani Journalist. As a special correspondent of PakistanTribe.com she writes on current affairs, education and social issues.

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