The Norwegian Nobel Committee had nominated Malala Yousafzai, Edward Snowden, Kailash Satyarthi and Pope Francis for the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Committee cited the two “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.“
Malala, now 17 and the youngest recipient of the Nobel prize, is an education campaigner in Pakistan who was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman two years ago.
She was at school in the city of Birmingham in central England when she was told she had won the Nobel Peace Prize, a spokeswoman said.
“Malala is at school as normal today,” she said, adding that the 17-year-old would hold a press conference later on Friday.
She attends Edgbaston High School, a private school in an upmarket part of Birmingham. After being shot by the Taliban in October 2012, Malala was treated at a hospital in Birmingham. She started at her school in the city in March last year.
Satyarthi, 60, has maintained the tradition of Mahatma Gandhi and headed various forms of peaceful protests, “focusing on the grave exploitation of children for financial gain,” the Nobel committee said.
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif while felicitating Malala for the achievement declared her ‘Pride of Pakistan.’ He hailed her struggle for girls education and pledged that the government would ensure right to education of every Pakistani child.
After Dr Abdus Salam, Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, Malala Yousafzai is the third Pakistani born who won Nobel Prize till the date.